All Posts By: lisaweiner

AIgorithm detects cancer potential of pancreatic cysts

CompCyst is a proof-of-concept study, led by Anne Marie Lennon at Johns Hopkins, which uses AI to more accurately determine which pancreatic cysts will become cancerous. The test evaluates molecular and clinical markers in cyst fluids, and could significantly improve detection rates vs. current clinical and imaging tests. In the study, the researchers evaluated molecular profiles, […]

Robot helps autistic kids engage

Georgia Tech professor Ayanna Howard is using interactive robots to help autistic kids engage with others,  socially and emotionally. Her company, Zyrobotics, is commericalizing this technology. In a study, 18 kids, between the ages of 4 and 12,  five of whom had autism, interacted with two robots which expressed 20 emotional states, including boredom, excitement, and […]

Tiny fiber optic sensor monitors blood flow in real-time

John Arkwright and Flinders University colleagues have developed a tiny, low cost, fiber-optic sensor to monitor blood flow through the aorta in real-time.  The goal is continuous monitoring during prolonged intensive care and surgical procedures.  Current blood flow measurement, using ultrasound or thermo-dilution,  is intermittent, averaging every 30 minutes. The device is inserted through a […]

New electrodes, brain signal analysis, for smaller, lower power, wireless BCI

Building on his prior brain-controlled prosthetic work, Stanford’s Krishna Shenoy has developed a simpler way to study brain electrical activity, which he believes will lead to tiny, low-power, wireless brain sensors that would bring thought-controlled prosthetics into much wider use. The method involved decoding neural activity in aggregate, instead of  “spike sorting.”  Spike sorting must be […]

App optimizes meditation length to improve attention and memory

Adam Gazzaley and UCSF colleagues have developed a focus-driven digital meditation program that improved attention and memory in healthy adults in a recent study. MediTrain tailors meditation session length to participant abilities, and challenges users to increase session time. Subjects received significant benefits in 6 weeks.  On their first day, they focused on their breath […]

Sensor glove identifies objects

MIT’s Subramanian Sundaram has developed a sensor glove that identifies objects through touch.  This could improve assistive robot performance and enhance prosthetic design.The cheap “scalable tactile glove” includes 550 tiny, pressure-capturing sensors.  A neural network uses the data to classify objects and predict their weights.  No visual input is required. In a Nature paper, the system […]

Study: Noninvasive BCI improves function in paraplegia

Miguel Nicolelis has developed a non-invasive system for lower-limb neurorehabilitation. Study subjects wore an EEG headset  to record brain activity and detect movement intention. Eight electrodes were attached to each leg, stimulating muscles involved in walking.  After training, patients used their own brain activity to send electric impulses to their leg muscles, imposing a physiological gait. With […]

Atrial fibrillation-detecting ring

Eue-Keun Choi and Seoul National University colleages have developed an atrial fibrillation detecting ring, with similar functionality to AliveCor and other watch-based monitors. The researchers claim that the performance is comparable to medical grade pulse oximeters. In a study, Soonil Kwon and colleagues analyzed data from 119 patients with AF who underwent simultaneous ECG and photoplethysmography […]