Wearables can effectively monitor heart rate. A recent study shows a new use for this data – predicting diabetes.
Penn State‘s Xiang Gao observed an association between faster heart rates and an increased risk of developing diabetes in 73,357 Chinese adults. In the same population, faster heart rates were also associated with impaired fasting glucose levels and a conversion from impaired fasting glucose levels to diabetes.
According to Gao, “Each additional 10 beats per minute was associated with a 23 percent increased risk of diabetes, similar to the effects of a 3 kilogram per meter square increase in body mass index. We further combined our results with those of 7 previously published studies, including 97,653 subjects, and found a similar association — individuals with a fast heart rate had a 59 percent increased risk of diabetes.”