Browsing Category: Cancer

AI identifies cancer after doctor misdiagnosis, used to personalize care

IBM Watson detected a rare form of leukemia in a patient in Japan, after comparing genetic changes with a database of 20 million research papers. She had been misdiagnosed by doctors for months, and received the wrong treatment for her cancer type. Watson has created partnerships with 16 US health systems and imaging firms to identify cancer, diabetes and […]

Preparation free, ingestible colorectal screening device

Check-Cap is developing a swallowable imaging capsule that screens for colorectal cancer with out requiring  bowel-cleansing preparation. The ingestible capsule transmits X-rays to the intestinal wall and back, creating 3D images of the colon’s internal surface and enabling detection of clinically significant polyps.  Given Imaging,  also based in Israel, used light based (vs. X ray) […]

Non-invasive electric field treatment for glioblastoma

Optune by Novocure  uses targeted electric fields to disrupt cancer cell division and cause cancer cell death.  500 hospitals globally can prescribe the FDA approved treatment to glioblastoma patients. “Tumor Treating Fields” are low intensity, alternating electric fields within the intermediate frequency range. TTFields disrupt cell division through physical interactions with key molecules during mitosis. […]

Optical sensor could detect cancer, other diseases, earlier

Guiseppe Strangi and Case Western colleagues have developed a highly sensitive optical sensor, based on nanostructured metamaterials.  The researchers claim that is is 1 million times more sensitive than current sensors, and capable of identifying a single lightweight molecule in a highly dilute solution.  This could dramatically improve the detection of cancer and other diseases. […]

Machine learning analysis of doctor notes predicts cancer progression

Gunnar Rätsch and Memorial Sloan Kettering colleagues are using AI to find similarities between cancer cases.  Ratsch’s algorithm has analyzed 100 million sentences taken from clinical notes of about 200,000 cancer patients to predict disease progression. In a recent study, machine learning was used to classify  patient symptoms, medical histories and doctors’ observations into 10,000 clusters. Each […]

Handheld microscope identifies cancer cells during surgery

University of Washington, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Stanford University and Barrow Neurological Institute researchers are developing a handheld, miniature microscope to allow surgeons to “see” at a cellular level in the operating room.  This can enable more precise brain tumor removal, as surgeons try not  to leave cancerous material behind, while protecting healthy brain matter. […]

Nanofiber sensor glove could detect breast cancer

Tokyo University’s Takao Someya and Harvard’s Zhigang Suo are developing thin, bendable, pressure sensitive, nanofiber sensors that could be be incorporated into gloves to detect breast tumors. The 1.9 inch square sheet has 144  pressure measuring locations, and can detect pressure even when twisted.  Many researchers are developing flexible pressure sensors, but they are vulnerable when bent […]

Phone chip may sense cancer in breath

Image:  The Yomiuri Shimbun A consortium led by Yoshikawa, Genki and National Institute for Materials Science colleagues is in the early stages of developing a phone sensor that they claim is capable of detecting cancer by analyzing breath odor. A tiny chip is said to determine whether substances linked to cancer exist in one’s breath, and calculates […]